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DESPRE CONCEPTUL DE RĂZBOI HIBRID ÎN GÂNDIREA MILITARĂ AMERICANĂ

Valerică CRUCERU

Abstract


Tehnologia existentă şi superioritatea militară convenţională a SUA au condus la apariţia ameninţărilor hibride, materializate prin actori statali şi nonstatali care întrebuinţează o mare varietate de forţe şi mijloace letale şi nonletale, prin combinaţii tehnologice diverse şi tactici neaşteptate, în scopul obţinerii unor avantaje strategice. În faţa acestor ameninţări, forţele americane trebuie să se adapteze şi să răspundă printr-un continuum de acţiuni letale şi nonletale de contracarare în toate domeniile (militar, economic, politic, informaţional). A apărut astfel convergenţa oponenţilor, metodelor şi mijloacelor şi fuziunea capabilităţilor, manifestate prin războaie hibride. Aceste războaie sfidează categorisirea, încorporând capabilităţi convenţionale şi neconvenţionale, militare şi nonmilitare, tactici combinate, terorism şi dezordine criminală.

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Revista Buletinul Universităţii Naţionale de Apărare „Carol I” este indexată în baza de date internaţională Central and Eastern European Online Library: http://www.ceeol.com