DESPRE CONCEPTUL DE RĂZBOI HIBRID ÎN GÂNDIREA MILITARĂ AMERICANĂ
AbstractTehnologia existentă şi superioritatea militară convenţională a SUA au condus la apariţia ameninţărilor hibride, materializate prin actori statali şi nonstatali care întrebuinţează o mare varietate de forţe şi mijloace letale şi nonletale, prin combinaţii tehnologice diverse şi tactici neaşteptate, în scopul obţinerii unor avantaje strategice. În faţa acestor ameninţări, forţele americane trebuie să se adapteze şi să răspundă printr-un continuum de acţiuni letale şi nonletale de contracarare în toate domeniile (militar, economic, politic, informaţional). A apărut astfel convergenţa oponenţilor, metodelor şi mijloacelor şi fuziunea capabilităţilor, manifestate prin războaie hibride. Aceste războaie sfidează categorisirea, încorporând capabilităţi convenţionale şi neconvenţionale, militare şi nonmilitare, tactici combinate, terorism şi dezordine criminală.
Bond Margaret S., Colonel, United States Army Reserve, Hybrid War: A New Paradigm for Stability Operations in Failing States, U.S. Army War College, Carlisle Barracks, Carlisle - PA, 30 March 2007.
Bowers Christopher O., Identifying Emerging Hybrid Adversaries, Strategic Studies Institute, US Army War College, Carlisle-PA, Parameters, Spring 2012.
Brown Leslie F., Colonel, US Army, Twenty-First Century Warfare Will Be Hybrid, U.S. Army War College, Carlisle Barracks, PA, March, 2011.
Center for Army Lessons Learned, Irregular Warfare: A SOF Perspective, Newsletter 11-34, Fort Leavenworth - Kansas, June 2011.
Department of the Army, Army CAPSTONE Concept 525-3-0, Washington, DC, 2009.
Department of Defense, Capstone Concept for Joint Operations, Version 3, Washington D.C., January 15, 2009.
Hoffman Frank G., Conflict in the 21st Century: The Rise of Hybrid Wars, Potomac Institute for Policy Studies, Arlington – Virginia, December, 2007.
Hoffman Frank G., Hybrid vs. Compound War, The Janus choice: Defining today‘s multifaceted conflict, Armed Forces Journal, http://www. armedforces journal. com/2009.
Hoffman Frank G., Hybrid Warfare and Challenges, Joint Forces Quarterly/ issue 52, 1st quarter 2009, www.ndupress.ndu.edu.
Lasica Daniel T., Lt Col, United States Air Force, Strategic Implications of Hybrid War: A Theory of Victory, School of Advanced Military Studies, U.S. Army Command and General Staff College, Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, 2009.
Mattis James N & Hoffman Frank, Future Warfare: The Rise of Hybrid Wars, U.S. Naval Institute, Proceedings Magazine, November 2005.
Mattis James, General, U.S. Must Prepare for Hibrid Warfare, Foreign Policy Research Institute, Washington D.C., 12 February 2009.
McCuen John J., Colonel Retired, U.S.Army, Hybrid Wars, Military Review, March-April 2008, U.S. Army CAC, Fort Leavenworth, Kansas.
Nemeth William J., Future War and Chechnya: A Case for Hybrid Warfare (Monterrey CA: Naval Postgraduate School, June 2002).
Peters Ralph, Wars of Blood and Faith: The Conflicts that Will Shape the Twenty-First Century, Mechanicsburg, PA: Atackpole, 2007.
U.S. Department of the Army, Hybrid Threat, Training Circular 7-100 (Washington DC, November 26, 2010), 1-1.
U.S. Joint Force Command, Capstone Concept for Joint Operations, Version 3.0 (Norfolk, VA: U.S. Joint Forces Command, January 2009).
U.S. Joint Forces Command, The Joint Operating Environment: Challenges and Implications for the Future Joint Force (Norfolk, VA, November 2008).
Williamson Steven C., Colonel, From Fourth Generation Warfare to Hybrid War, U.S. Army War College, Carlisle Barracks, PA, March 2009.