• Daniel-Mihai DUȚU



extremism; radicalisation; deradicalisation; disengagement; depluralization.


To combat extremist ideologies and the threat of mass radicalisation, experts have developed a series of research in order to identify and understand the factors that lead to the radicalisation of an individual, but also the factors that, having an opposite effect, can lead to its deradicalisation. Therefore, more and more authors recognize the importance of studying the process of deradicalisation and its potential for today’s society. Hence, the paper aims to further address this process by presenting specific terminology, theoretical and practical models of deradicalisation, and signalling difficulties and limitations during the development of national disengagement and deradicalisation programs caused by the lack of practical information on the results of these initiatives.


Barrelle, Kate. 2015. “Pro-integration: disengagement from and life after extremism.” Behavioral Sciences of Terrorism and Political Aggression, Routledge, Vol.7, Nr.2.

Bastug, Mehmet F., and Ugur K. Evlek. 2016. “Individual Disengagement and Deradicalisation Pilot Program in Turkey: Methods and Outcomes.” Journal for Deradicalisation, Nr. 8.

Bjorgo, Tore. 2016. Preventing crime: A holistic approach. Basingtoke and New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

Boghani, Priyanka. 2016. “‘Deradicalisation ’Is Coming to America. Does It Work?” Frontline, March 18, 2016.

The European Commission. 2020. “A Counter-Terrorism Agenda for the EU: Anticipate, Prevent, Protect, Respond - COM (2020) 795 final.” Brussels, 9 December 2020.

The European Commission. 2016. “Supporting the prevention of radicalisation leading to violent extremism - COM (2016) 379 final.” Brussels, 14 June 2016.

Council of the European Union. 2014. “Revised EU Strategy for Combating Radicalisation and Recruitment to Terrorism.” Brussels, 19 May 2014.

Horgan, John. 2008. “Deradicalisation or Disengagement? A process in need of clarity and a counterterrorism initiative in need of evaluation.” Perspective on Terrorism, Vol.2, No.4, February 2008.

Hwang, Julie Chernov. 2015. “The disengagement of Indonesian jihadists: Undestanding the pathways." in Terrorism and Political Violence, Routledge.

Jansen, Klaus. 2014. “German program triggers international deradicalisation network.” DW, September 3, 2014. .

Koehler, Daniel. 2017. Understanding deradicalisation. New York: Routledge.

European Parliament. 2015. “Preventing the radicalisation and recruitment of European citizens by terrorist organizations (2015/2063 (INI)).” November 25, 2015.

Pettinger, Tom. 2017. “De-radicalisation and Counter-radicalisation.” Journal for Deradicalisation, Nr.12.

Rabasa, Angel, Stacie L. Pettyjohn, Jeremy J. Ghez, and Christopher Boucek. 2010. “Deradicalizing Islamist Extremists.” RAND Corporation.

Stern, Jessica. 2010. “Deradicalisation or Disengagement of Terrorists: Is it Possible?”. Hoover Institution, Standford: Stanford University, -terrorists.