https://revista.unap.ro/index.php/Impact_en/issue/feed Strategic Impact 2024-01-05T12:11:42+02:00 Iulia Cojocaru impactstrategic@unap.ro Open Journal Systems <p><em>Strategic Impact</em> is a peer-reviewed, open access Journal, publishing scholarly articles in the field of defence and security strategic studies. The journal is edited by the Centre for Defence and Security Strategic Studies and published by “Carol I” National Defence University Publishing House in Bucharest, Romania. Its scope covers political-military topicality; UN, NATO and EU policies, strategies and actions; defence and security concepts; international relations; geopolitics, geostrategy, geoeconomy; (un)conventional risks and threats; conflict &amp; crises management; peace and war; military strategy; information society; cybersecurity; intelligence studies. The journal is published in two separate editions, in Romanian since 2001 and in English since 2005, it has ISSN and is acknowledged both nationally, by CNATDCU authority and internationally, being indexed in several databases.</p> https://revista.unap.ro/index.php/Impact_en/article/view/1779 EDITOR’S NOTE 2024-01-05T10:31:30+02:00 Iulia Cojocaru iulia.cojocaru92@gmail.com 2024-01-05T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Strategic Impact https://revista.unap.ro/index.php/Impact_en/article/view/1782 ROMANIA’S SPACE ASPIRATIONS AND THE EU SPACE STRATEGY FOR SECURITY AND DEFENCE 2024-01-05T11:46:58+02:00 Ulpia-Elena BOTEZATU ulpia.botezatu@ici.ro <p>The article explores the interplay between European Union’s Space Strategy for Security and Defence and Romania’s space aspirations, analysing its key facets and their potential effects. As space gains significance for security and defence of the EU as a whole, understanding its opportunities and challenges is crucial. Investigating elements such as shared threat awareness, space system resilience, response strategies, and responsible behaviour in outer space, the article provides insights for stakeholders to harness EU space capabilities. The article concludes by assessing implications for the domestic realm. EU Space Strategy for Security and Defence addresses space intricacies with political, operational and other fields of action. By focusing on vital components such as threat understanding, system protection, responsive measures, and cooperative behaviour, the article sheds light on EU Space Strategy’s strategic importance in the defence and security realms.</p> 2024-01-05T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Strategic Impact https://revista.unap.ro/index.php/Impact_en/article/view/1780 WEAPONIZING COMMUNICATION. WORDS VS. BULLETS IN THE RUSSIAN-UKRAINIAN WAR 2024-01-05T11:34:14+02:00 Iulia-Alexandra COJOCARU iulia.cojocaru92@gmail.com <p>In the light of the ongoing Russian-Ukrainian conflict, the article is built around the aim of contributing to a better understanding of the current information environment, as it is necessary both for the public opinion and for the authorities to adapt and respond effectively to the security environment dynamics. The present paper seeks response to the following research question: “How did the Ukrainian Strategic Communication (StratCom) campaigns function in supporting the Ukrainian state to resist the first year of war?”. For the development of the answer, we relied on a qualitative approach, analysing several discourses of the Ukrainian President in mass-media, in the first year of the war. We started from identifying some key-aspects regarding the background of the Russian-Ukrainian relations that Kremlin has exploited in developing their hostile information campaigns, such as common historical landmarks or the religious, cultural and linguistic values shared by these two states. Next, we observed how these issues were included in the Russian officials’ discourse through various messages. Further, we presented Ukraine’s information strategy, implemented beginning with 2014 (after Crimea’s annexation), that was mainly carried through their StratCom campaigns, so that in the final part of the article to analyse some elements of Ukraine’s President discourses, starting with the first days of the war. Our conclusions lead to the fact that Ukraine’s StratCom campaigns have decisively contributed to supporting its resistance in the first year of constant attacks from an undeniably stronger enemy.</p> 2024-01-05T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Strategic Impact https://revista.unap.ro/index.php/Impact_en/article/view/1785 MAPPING NON-STATE ACTORS IN INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS by Marianna Charountaki and Daniela Irrera 2024-01-05T12:03:24+02:00 Mirela ATANASIU atanasiu.mirela@yahoo.com 2024-01-05T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Strategic Impact https://revista.unap.ro/index.php/Impact_en/article/view/1783 CLIMATE CHANGE AND SECURITY: THE CASE FOR BLACK SEA 2024-01-05T11:54:26+02:00 Maria-Emanuela MIHAILOV emanuela.mihailov@dhmfn.ro Lucian GRIGORESCU lucian.grigorescu22@gmail.com Romel PERA romel.pera@dhmfn.ro <p>Climate change poses significant challenges to global security by exacerbating existing threats and creating new ones. Competition over scarce resources such as food, water, and land will likely increase as extreme weather events and temperature rise will become more frequent. Climate-related migration is expected to increase political tensions, and in some regions, could contribute to instability and conflict. The changing climate will also impact infrastructure, the economy, and public health, which will have far-reaching security implications. The current issue of climate change highlights the spectre of a new source of instability and conflict that can affect national/international peace and security. Although comparative research and projects on the security implications of climate change are expanding, there are still major knowledge gaps. The paper presents the specialized literature on short-term climate change and its possible influence on the Black Sea regional security. It is increasing the potential insecurities that can arise from extreme environmental phenomena. Based on the assessment, the authors outline priorities for future research in the area of interest and cover the necessary adjustments to facilities, materials, and equipment due to progressive weather changes. It also highlights that natural disasters may increase in number or virulence, necessitating the contribution of armed forces to national security.</p> 2024-01-05T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Strategic Impact https://revista.unap.ro/index.php/Impact_en/article/view/1784 VULNERABILITIES TRANSPOSED BY CLIMATE CHANGE EFFECTS IN ECOLOGICAL RISKS AND THREATS TO THE NATIONAL SECURITY 2024-01-05T11:59:01+02:00 Mirela ATANASIU atanasiu.mirela@yahoo.com <p>Climate changes effects determine major transformations of interactions between socio-economic and natural environment, phenomena that directly affect the overall security (international, national, regional) systems. In the security equation, vulnerabilities in different sectors expose systems to threats and associated risks and their existence represents gaps and malfunctions in assuring systems’ overall resilience. In this paper, we start from the research hypothesis that vulnerabilities are a constitutive element of the climate security equation seen as a logical construction of a causal nature, respectively: the effects of climate changes are the source of ecological threats and associated risks facilitated or multiplied by exploited vulnerabilities whose presence/absence gives the measure of the impact over the respective security system. In this regard, our topic is focused on a narrower subject, namely the identification of vulnerabilities that have the potential to be exploited in generating ecological threats and associated risks against Romanian national security. In order to achieve our goal, concepts like “environmental security”, “climate security”, “ecology”, “climate change”, “vulnerability”, “ecological risks and threats”, and “resilience” will be approached in the capacity of their interdisciplinary entanglement between security and ecology.</p> 2024-01-05T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Strategic Impact https://revista.unap.ro/index.php/Impact_en/article/view/1781 EU’S SOUTHERN NEIGHBOURHOOD POLICY TOWARDS LIBYA AND SYRIA 2024-01-05T11:42:29+02:00 Vasile-Dumitru RAȚIU uitar@yahoo.co <p>The EU is actively involved in the dynamics of the states in its immediate vicinity to make them more stable. This involvement requires a high financial effort. In this paper I will analyse how the European Union (EU) implemented and intends to continue the neighbourhood policy with two states that went through the “Arab Spring” and became conflict zones. For the states in question, namely Libya and Syria, EU provides humanitarian aid and wishes them to recover from their failed state. The main objectives pursued by the EU within the European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP) are stabilization of neighbouring countries, promotion of EU key interests and facilitation of regional cooperation. In addition to the neighbourhood policy instrument, between the EU and the two states there is a significant increase in trade relations from year to year. This increase in economic exchanges also leads to a deepening of bilateral relations. This rapprochement can transpose models of good governance from the EU to these failed states, and over time can create an environment conducive to state reconstruction, where the citizen is at the centre of attention and the rulers’ own interests are no longer at the forefront. The purpose of the paper is to analyse the EU southern neighbourhood policy, with an emphasis on Libya and Syria. The starting hypothesis of the research is that the EU’s ENP aid to Libya and Syria ensures minimal stability for the two countries and a better neighbourhood for it. As a working methodology, I will use the qualitative analysis of documentary materials.</p> 2024-01-05T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Strategic Impact https://revista.unap.ro/index.php/Impact_en/article/view/1786 GUIDE FOR AUTHORS 2024-01-05T12:06:23+02:00 Iulia Cojocaru iulia.cojocaru92@gmail.com 2024-01-05T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Strategic Impact