• Haliru Dogondaji BELLO The" Carol I" National Defense University


Abstract: Social Constructivist theorists argue that identity determines (among other things), interest and set goals within a society. They also argue that ideas are at the center of every action and are privileged. However, in contrast to this
thesis and in accordance to the Liberal Strategy for Global Peace and Security, Nigeria must be secured as a unitary entity and sole referent object without regard to threats posed by liberal ideas, values and principles to local identities within the state of Nigeria. Consequently, since 2009, The State of Nigeria has been violently confronted by a notably Islamist Terrorist network
popularly known as Boko Haram. Within a span of 7 years (2009 - 2016), the violent campaign of Boko Haram is estimated to have cost more than 20, 000 lives and displaced over 3,000,000, while affecting over 6,000,000 in one way or another.
The UN Security Council listed the group among other international terrorist networks in May 2014. The gravity of their
actions also earned the group the title of being the ‘world’s deadliest terrorist group’, by the global terrorism index in 2015. In this article therefore, we aim to uncover the ideologies at the center of Boko Haram Terrorist action against the state of Nigeria.
Keywords: Security; Liberalism, identity; Boko haram; ideology; security; Legitimacy and Power.


Adisa Adeleye, Amalgamation of 1914, was it a mistake? Available at

Collins Alan, Contemporary Security Studies, Oxford University Press, 2010.

Ekeh P. P., “Nigeria’s Emergent Political Culture,” in Ekeh, P et al. (eds)., Nigeria Since Independence in the Last 25 years, Vol. V, Politics

and Constitution, Heinemann Educational Books Inc., 1989.

Green M. Christian, Religion, Family Law, and Recognition of Identity in Nigeria, religious-nigeria/religion-family-recognitionidentity-nigeria.html.

History World, History of Nigeria. Available at His toriesResponsive.asp?ParagraphID=plt accessed on 21st October 2016.

Huntington Samuel P., The Clash of Civilizations and the Remaking of World Order, New York, NY: Simon and Schuster, 1996.

Ikejiani-Clark M. (2007), “Nigeria: Oil, Internal Threats and Vulnerability”. In Journal of International Politics and Developments Studies, Vol.3, No. 1, July-December.

Isaac Terwase S., Religion and the Nigerian

State, Oxford Journal of Law and Religion, Vol. 3, No. 2.

John Campbell, Nigeria: Dancing on the Brink, Rowman and Little Field, 2010.

Kalu K. A. 1996, Political Economy in Nigeria: The Military, Ethnic Politics and Development, International Journal of Politics,

Culture, and Society 10 (2). National Bureau of Statistics (NBS). 2010. Available at accessed 17/02/2017.

Keohane R. O., Nye, J. S., Power and Interdependence, Pearson, 2012.

Kissinger Henry A., World Order, Penguin Group, 2014.

Nye Jr., Joseph S., Welch David A., Understanding Global Conflict and Cooperation- Ninth Edition, Pearson Education Limited, 2014.

Uzodike U.O. and Maiangwa B., Boko Haram Terrorism in Nigeria: Casual Factors and Central problematic. African Renaissance 9(1),