THE STRATEGIC SHOCK IN THE DESIGN OF WAR BETWEEN CLASSIC AND CONTEMPORARY: COVID-19

  • Valentin-Claudiu JORĂSCU
  • Teodora ZECHERU ”Ferdinand I” Military Technical Academy
  • Laviniu-Octavian HALLER " Carol I" National Defence University

Abstract

The hybrid warfare concept developed in many ways during the past twenty years. What we are facing today is a new component, limited previously by its potential worldwide impact. Biological weapons have the advantages of facile and silent spread, are very difficult to detect and deter in terms of individual and collective protection equipment. The consequences of biological weapons use have implications at political and diplomatic level, but also operationally and tactically-wise. The main aim in these difficult times is to maintain combat readiness and to strengthen national defence.

 

Keywords: CBRN; pandemic; defence; combat readiness; hybrid warfare.

 

Author Biography

Teodora ZECHERU, ”Ferdinand I” Military Technical Academy

Boyle Michael J., ”The Costs and Consequences of Drone Warfare”, International Affairs, vol. 89, no. 1, 2013.

Brent Roger, Testimony Before the Subcommittee on Prevention of Nuclear and Biological Attack, House Committee on Homeland Security, 109th Cong., 1st Sess., Washington DC, July 13, 2005.

Fleming B.P., The Hybrid Threat Concept: Contemporary War, Military Planning and the Advent of Unrestricted Operational Art., Fort Leavenworth, 2011.

Hoffman F.G., Conflict in the 21st Century: The Rise of Hybrid Wars, Arlington, Va. Potomac Institute for Policy Studies, 2007.

Hoffman F.G., ”Future Thoughts on Hybrid Threats”, Small Wars Journal, 2009.

Hoffman F.G., Hybrid warfare and challenges, Joint Force Quarterly, 2009, pp. 34-48.

Mattis J.N., Hoffman F.G, ”Future Warfare: The Rise of Hybrid Wars”, Proceedings, 2005.

Petre Răzvan, Zecheru Teodora, Petrea N., Ginghină R., Bugean I., ”Polyurea-based Hybrid Composites for CBRN Protection”, Materiale Plastice, vol. 56, no. 4, 2019.

Săracu Cătălin, Zecheru Teodora, „Necesitatea dezvoltării de capabilităţi comune EOD-CBRN la nivelul Ministerului Apărării Naţionale”, Revista Armei Geniu, no. 1, 2016.

Tălău M., „Războiul Rece, reîncălzit! SUA mută o flotă de război în coasta lui Putin”, evz.ro, 5 May 2020.

Toffler A., Future shock, Politic Publishing House, Bucharest, 1970.

Zecheru T., „Importanţa economică a dezvoltării de noi materiale energetice” (Economic Prominence of Energetic Materials Development), Impactul transformărilor socio-economice și tehnologice la nivel național, european și mondial, no. 8, 2015.

Zinn Howard, Howard Zinn on War, Editura Seven Stories, 2011.

http://www.ec.europa.eu/info/live-work-travel-eu/health/coronavirus-response_en

http://www.evz.ro/razboiul-rece-reincalzit-sua-muta-o-flota-de-razboi-in-coasta-lui-putin.html

http://www.moderndiplomacy.eu/2020/04/27/covid19-and-a-need-for-a-paradigm-shift-in-the-field-of-academia/

http://www.warontherocks.com/2020/05/how-is-the-russian-military-responding-to-covid-19/

http://www.army-technology.com/news/covid-19-outbreak-impact-military-readiness/

http://www.fpri.org/article/2020/03/military-exercise-defender-europe-20-is-cancelled-what-does-it-mean-for-the-baltic-states/

http://www.nato.int/

http://www.nato.int/cps/en/natohq/news_175619.htm, Coronavirus response: NATO supports practical scientific cooperation with Allies and partners to enhance COVID-19 diagnosis

http://www.ndc.nato.int/

http://www.shape.nato.int/defender-europe

http://www.sipri.org

http://www.who.int/emergencies/diseases/novel-coronavirus-2019?gclid=CjwKCAjwh472BRAGEiwAvHVfGqHdZHoVX2IF_2ap8EAmsMULEhHGijAr4n4PzqkoxN228m3VgbQW-BoCfrMQAvD_BwE

References

Boyle Michael J., ”The Costs and Consequences of Drone Warfare”, International Affairs, vol. 89, no. 1, 2013.
Brent Roger, Testimony Before the Subcommittee on Prevention of Nuclear and Biological Attack, House Committee on Homeland Security, 109th Cong., 1st Sess., Washington DC, July 13, 2005.
Fleming B.P., The Hybrid Threat Concept: Contemporary War, Military Planning and the Advent of Unrestricted Operational Art., Fort Leavenworth, 2011.
Hoffman F.G., Conflict in the 21st Century: The Rise of Hybrid Wars, Arlington, Va. Potomac Institute for Policy Studies, 2007.
Hoffman F.G., ”Future Thoughts on Hybrid Threats”, Small Wars Journal, 2009.
Hoffman F.G., Hybrid warfare and challenges, Joint Force Quarterly, 2009, pp. 34-48.
Mattis J.N., Hoffman F.G, ”Future Warfare: The Rise of Hybrid Wars”, Proceedings, 2005.
Petre Răzvan, Zecheru Teodora, Petrea N., Ginghină R., Bugean I., ”Polyurea-based Hybrid Composites for CBRN Protection”, Materiale Plastice, vol. 56, no. 4, 2019.
Săracu Cătălin, Zecheru Teodora, „Necesitatea dezvoltării de capabilităţi comune EOD-CBRN la nivelul Ministerului Apărării Naţionale”, Revista Armei Geniu, no. 1, 2016.
Tălău M., „Războiul Rece, reîncălzit! SUA mută o flotă de război în coasta lui Putin”, evz.ro, 5 May 2020.
Toffler A., Future shock, Politic Publishing House, Bucharest, 1970.
Zecheru T., „Importanţa economică a dezvoltării de noi materiale energetice” (Economic Prominence of Energetic Materials Development), Impactul transformărilor socio-economice și tehnologice la nivel național, european și mondial, no. 8, 2015.
Zinn Howard, Howard Zinn on War, Editura Seven Stories, 2011.
http://www.ec.europa.eu/info/live-work-travel-eu/health/coronavirus-response_en
http://www.evz.ro/razboiul-rece-reincalzit-sua-muta-o-flota-de-razboi-in-coasta-lui-putin.html
http://www.moderndiplomacy.eu/2020/04/27/covid19-and-a-need-for-a-paradigm-shift-in-the-field-of-academia/
http://www.warontherocks.com/2020/05/how-is-the-russian-military-responding-to-covid-19/
http://www.army-technology.com/news/covid-19-outbreak-impact-military-readiness/
http://www.fpri.org/article/2020/03/military-exercise-defender-europe-20-is-cancelled-what-does-it-mean-for-the-baltic-states/
http://www.nato.int/
http://www.nato.int/cps/en/natohq/news_175619.htm, Coronavirus response: NATO supports practical scientific cooperation with Allies and partners to enhance COVID-19 diagnosis
http://www.ndc.nato.int/
http://www.shape.nato.int/defender-europe
http://www.sipri.org
http://www.who.int/emergencies/diseases/novel-coronavirus-2019?gclid=CjwKCAjwh472BRAGEiwAvHVfGqHdZHoVX2IF_2ap8EAmsMULEhHGijAr4n4PzqkoxN228m3VgbQW-BoCfrMQAvD_BwE
Published
2020-10-20
Section
Articole