BUILDING INTEGRITY IN DEFENSE
Abstract: Corruption in the defence sector raises significant challenges to the operational effectiveness of the armed forces, affects the troops morale and lowers the public confidence in the military; corruption can even become a security risk, jeopardizing the safety of soldiers and the delivery of security to the populace, threating democratic governance mechanisms, which are at the core of democratic systems. There are several features of defence sector that make it more prone to corruption than other areas of government activity: large size of the budget allocated to defence, the need to protect sensitive information through secrecy, the political nature of the defence budgeting process and its sensitivity to populist slogans. This article reviews the main areas of vulnerability for corruption in the defence establishment (focusing mainly on personnel policy, procurement, offsets and conversion programmes), and points out towards good practices applied in various countries in order to mitigate the risks and build defence integrity.
Keywords: defence budgeting; integrity; corruption; security policies.
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