• Teodora FUIOR Centrul de la Geneva pentru Controlul Democratic al Forțelor Armate (DCAF).


Abstract: Corruption in the defence sector raises significant challenges to the operational effectiveness of the armed forces, affects the troops morale and lowers the public confidence in the military; corruption can even become a security risk, jeopardizing the safety of soldiers and the delivery of security to the populace, threating democratic governance mechanisms, which are at the core of democratic systems. There are several features of defence sector that make it more prone to corruption than other areas of government activity: large size of the budget allocated to defence, the need to protect sensitive information through secrecy, the political nature of the defence budgeting process and its sensitivity to populist slogans. This article reviews the main areas of vulnerability for corruption in the defence establishment (focusing mainly on personnel policy, procurement, offsets and conversion programmes), and points out towards good practices applied in various countries in order to mitigate the risks and build defence integrity.
Keywords: defence budgeting; integrity; corruption; security policies.

Author Biography

Teodora FUIOR, Centrul de la Geneva pentru Controlul Democratic al Forțelor Armate (DCAF).
Teodora FUIOR s-a născut în 27 martie 1974 în Blaj şi a absolvit Colegiul Naţional Gheorghe Lazăr din Sibiu. Este licenţiată a Facultăţii de Relaţii Economice Internaţionale din cadrul Academiei de Studii Economice Bucureşti şi absolventă de studii academice postuniversitare în specializările relaţii internaţionale şi diplomaţie la Şcoala Naţională de Studii Politice şi Administrative, şi respectiv Academia Diplomatică din Peru. În anul 2004 a absolvit Colegiul Naţional de Apărare. În prezent este doctorand în cadrul catedrei de Studii de Securitate a UNAP Carol I, cu tema de cercetare Reforma sectorului de securitate şi democratizarea în statele post-conflict. Teodora Fuior are peste 14 ani de experienţă profesională în domeniul guvernării democratice a sectorului de securitate, dobândiţi în organizaţii şi din pespective diferite: funcţionar parlamentar, cercetător, funcţionar ONU, consultant independent, manager de proiect. În prezent este coordonator de proiecte la Centrul de la Geneva pentru Controlul Democratic al Forțelor Armate (DCAF).


Baldwin, Harriett, rapporteur, 1. Defence Spending, National Security and Alliance Solidarity, NATO Parliamentary Assembly, Economics and Security Committee, 2013.

Bucur-Marcu, Hari, 2. Defence Institution Building Self-Assessment Kit. A Diagnostic Tool for Nationals Building Defence Institutions, DCAF, Geneva, 2010.

Fuior, Teodora, 3. Budget Analysis, in Public Oversight of the Security Sector. A Handbook for Civil Society Organisations, UNDP, 2008.

Hutchful, Eboe edt. 4. Budgeting for the Military Sector in Africa, Oxford University Press, 2006.80 June, 2015

Pyman, Mark, Wilson, Regina and Scott, 5. Dominic, The Extent of Single Sourcing In Defence Procurement and Its Relevance as a Corruption Risk: A First Look, Defence and Peace Economics, 20:3, 2009, pp. 215 -232.

T6. agarev, Teodor, Building Integrity and Reducing Corruption in Defence. A compendium of Best Practices, DCAF, Geneva, 2010.

Transparency International UK, 7. Watchdogs?The Quality of Legislative Oversight of Defence in 82 Countries, Defence and Security Programme 2013.

Wheeler, Winslow, edt. 8. The Pentagon Labirinth, Center for Defence Information, World Security Institute, 2011.