RELIGION AND THE FUNCTIONING OF MODERN SOCIETY
The religious factor is the element with the longest continuity in the whole spectrum of the social space. The combination
of various practices in everyday life with mystical habits and later with institutionalized forms of faith has contributed to the
formation of a strong bond between man and divinity interceded by the religious institution. This has enabled the formation
of powerful social systems (states, empires) led through a religious system-dependent normative system. The end of the
eighteenth century produced the first re-establishment of the society of new norms of coexistence that were based on new
principles distinct from those on which the states had functioned up to that point. The nineteenth and twentieth centuries
represent a period of contrasts characterized by a strenuous struggle of the state’s detachment towards the church.
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