• Laura Rodica HÎMPĂ "Carol I" National Defence University



Unique institution through seniority, structure and organization, "Carol I" National Defense University has remarkably stood out, over time, among the military organizations of higher education in Romania, through the scope of its activities of training the officers in theory and practice. The article presents aspects of the constituting elements of the Superior War School (the initial name from 1889), with brief mentions of the years 1919, 1937 and 1939, illustrated with archival documents.

The research is based on the documents studied at the National Military Archives, the Service of the Central National Historical Archives, the Library of the Romanian Academy and the Library of the "Carol I" National Defense University.


The Romanian National Military Archives, the Higher War College Fund.

Romanian National Archives, Ştefan Fălcoianu Fund.

Bulletin of the Romanian Military Archives 1998–2019.

Bulletin of the Superior War School 1937–1948.

Bulletin of "Carol I" National Defense University

Official Monitor 1872–2019.

Monitor of the Army 1872–1948.

Army Magazine 1877–1948.

Journal of Military History 2010–2019.

Journal of Royal Foundations 1934–1948.

Caracostea, Dumitru. The psychological aspect of the war, Bucharest, “Cartea Românească” Publishing House, 1922.

Iorga, Nicolae. The History of Romanian Education, Bucharest, Didactic and Pedagogical Publishing House, 1971.

Iorga, Nicolae. History of the Romanian army, Bucharest, War Ministry Publishing House, vol. I, II, 1931.

Iorga, Nicolae. Soul states and wars. Lessons at the Superior War School in 1938, Bucharest, Typography of the Superior War School, 1939.

History of the Romanian General Staff. Documents 1859-1947, Bucharest, Military Publishing House, 1994.

History of the Superior War School, Bucharest 1889–1939, Bucharest, Typography of the Superior War School, 1939.

Muresan, Mircea. National Defense University, short history, Bucharest, National Defense University Publishing House, 2004.

Short, John. The inter-war Romanian civilization (1918-1940), Bucharest, Publishing House Romania Foundation, 2008.