The economic impact of terrorism – the efficiency of funds allocated by international development organizations (Gaza Strip Case Study)

Authors

  • Luiza-Andreea ULMET Institute of National Economy, Romanian Academy,

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.53477/2284-9378-23-64

Keywords:

terrorism, economic impact of terrorism, HAMAS, Gaza Strip, Israeli-Palestinian conflict.

Abstract

Terrorism is a concept that has existed internationally since ancient times, receiving different names from specialists depending on the period in which it was identified, the means and methods used in the activities carried out or the aims pursued by the actions of the members of various organizations.One thing we would like to point out is that as long as there are different points of view, as long as the interests of some of the parties involved in a conflict, including those of an economic nature, are at odds, then the conditions will be created for the development or coagulation of resistance movements, which by their actions will be labelled as terrorist organizations.One of the main terrorist organizations causing immeasurable economic damage, and whose actions are also likely to affect international relations, is Harakat al-Muqawama al-Islamiyya – HAMAS, also known as the Islamic Resistance Movement, which since 2006 has taken control of the Gaza Strip using armed force, imposing political and economic separation from the Palestinian Authority.

References

Alexandrescu, Grigore. 2001. „Terorismul – amenințare neconvențională la adresa securității naționale și internaționale.” Revista Forțelor Terestre (nr. 2).

Bir, Burak. 2023. Israel is ‘not bombing civilians’ in Gaza, says ambassador to UK. https://www.aa.com.tr/en/middle-east/israel-is-not-bombing-civilians-in-gaza-saysambassador-to-uk/3033727.

Juergensmeyer, Mark. 2004. Terror in the Mind of God: The Global Rise of Religious Violence.University of California Press.

Khalidi, Rashid. 2020. The Hundred Years’ War on Palestine: A History of Settler Colonialism and Resistance, 1917-2017. New York: Metropolitan Books.

Laquer, Walter. 1987. The Age of Terrorism. Editura Little Brown.

Merari, Ariel and Shlomi Elad. 2019. The International Dimension Of Palestinian Terrorism. New York: Routledge.

Ministry of Foreign Affairs. 2021. Terorism internațional. https://www.mae.ro/node/1880.

Moceanu, Răzvan. 2023. DOCUMENTAR: Istoria conflictului arabo-israelian. https://www.rador.ro/2023/10/20/documentar-istoria-conflictului-arabo-israelian/.

Seurat, Leila. 2022. The Foreign Policy of Hamas: Ideology, Decision Making and Political Supremacy (SOAS Palestine Studies). London: I.B. Tauris.

Shachar, Nathan. 2009. Gaza Strip: Its History and Politics – from the Pharaohs to the Israeli Invasion of 2009. Liverpool University Press.

StatSoft. 2023. ”Data science and analytics.” https://statsoft.de/en/home.

U.S. Government Accountability Office. 2021. “U.S. victims of state sponsored terrorism fund: Estimated Lump Sum CatchUp Payments.” https://www.gao.gov/assets/gao-21-105306.pdf.

UNCTAD. 2023a. Report on UNCTAD’s assistance to the Palestinian people. https://unctad.org/news/report-unctads-assistance-palestinian-people.

__. 2023b. “United Nations Conference on Trade and Development: Developments in the economy of the Occupied Palestinian Territory.” https://unctad.org/system/files/official-document/tdbex74d2_en.pdf.

US Department of Justice. 2023a. Justice Department Announces Total Distribution of Over $6B to Victims of State Sponsored Terrorism. https://www.justice.gov/opa/pr/justice-department-announces-total-distribution-over-6b-victims-state-sponsoredterrorism.

—. 2023b. The september 11 victim compensation fund of 2001. https://oig.justice.gov/reports/plus/a0401/final.pdf.

Văduva, Gheorghe. 2005. Terorismul contemporan – factor de risc la adresa securității și apărării naționale, în condițiile statutului de membru NATO. București: Editura Universității Naționale de Apărare „Carol I”.

Watson Institute. 2021. Human and budgetary costs to date of the U.S. war in Afghanistan, 2001-2022. https://watson.brown.edu/costsofwar/figures/2021/human-and-budgetarycosts-date-us-war-afghanistan-2001-2022.

Downloads

Published

2024-01-18

How to Cite

ULMET, L.-A. . (2024). The economic impact of terrorism – the efficiency of funds allocated by international development organizations (Gaza Strip Case Study). BULLETIN OF "CAROL I" NATIONAL DEFENCE UNIVERSITY, 12(4), 287–296. https://doi.org/10.53477/2284-9378-23-64

Issue

Section

Articles