Drones or uncrewed aircraft – acronyms, definitions, and gender equality
Keywords:drone;, UA;, UAS;, unmanned aircraft;, uncrewed aircraft;, gender equality.
Unmanned aircraft/drones are increasingly present in everyday life, from flight demonstrations, event filming, mapping, and agricultural use to delivering goods or, in the future, transporting people. Uncrewed aircraft systems have also been deployed throughout the military services, from handheld micro-UA (Unmanned Aircraft) to medium-sized tactical systems and to
large uncrewed aircraft. The multitude of terms used to identify a particular type of aircraft can be confusing and therefore clarification is needed on how to use them, while at the same time considering gender equality and fairness in language.
Amazon. 2022. Amazon Prime Air prepares for drone deliveries. https://www.aboutamazon.com/news/transportation/amazon-prime-air-prepares-for-drone-deliveries.
AUVSI. 2022. Leading industry association rebrands as association for Uncrewed Vehicle Systems International. https://www.auvsi.org/leading-industry-association-rebrands-associationuncrewed-vehicle-systems-international.
BBC News. 2014. UK drone carries out first strike in Ira. https://www.bbc.com/news/worldmiddle-east-29992686.
Defense.gov. 2022. Air Force Officials Hold a Press Briefing on FY23 Air Force Budget, March 28,
European Commission. 2019. “Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2019/947 of 24 May 2019 on the rules and procedures for the operation of unmanned aircraft.”
Official Journal of the European Union. https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=CELEX%3A32019R0947.
Farooq, Umar. 2019. The second drone age. https://theintercept.com/2019/05/14/turkeysecond-drone-age/.
Fuller, Christopher J. 2017. See it/Shoot It: The Secret History of the CIA’s Lethal Drone
Program. New Haven: Yale University Press.
Gertz, Bill. 2022. Drones will now be ‘uncrewed, not ‘unmanned’ in Pentagon shift. https://
Government of Canada. 2021. From Unmanned to Uncrewed: Moving away from genderbased terminology. https://www.canada.ca/en/department-national-defence/maple-leaf/defence/2021/05/unmanned-to-uncrewed-moving-away-from-gender-based-terminology.html.
Human Rights Watch. 2009. Precisely Wrong. Gaza Civilians Killed by Israeli DroneLaunched Missiles. https://www.hrw.org/report/2009/06/30/precisely-wrong/gaza-civilianskilled-israeli-drone-launched-missiles.
ICAO Store. 2018. “Annex 6 - Operation Of Aircraft.” https://store.icao.int/en/annexes/annex-6.
ICAO. 2011. “Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS).” Montréal: International Civil Aviation Organization. https://www.icao.int/meetings/uas/documents/circular%20328_en.pdf.
IWM. 2023. A Brief History of Drones. https://www.iwm.org.uk/history/a-brief-history-ofdrones.
Kreis, John F. 1990. “Unmanned Aircraft in Israeli Air Operations.” Air Power History 37 (4): 46.
MApN.ro. 2022. Demersuri privind achiziția a trei sisteme de aeronave fără echipaj uman
Moss, Simon. 2022. “Range rovers.” Uncrewed Systems Technology Critical intelligence for land, sea and aerospace engineers. High Power Media.
NATO. 2019. “Minimum Training Requirements for Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS) Operators and Pilots.” . NATO Standardization Office - ATP-126.96.36.199, Edition B Version 1.
—. 2020. NATO Gender-Inclusive Language Manual. https://www.nato.int/nato_static_fl2014/assets/pictures/images_mfu/2021/5/pdf/210514-GIL-Manual_en.pdf.
NATOterm. n.d. NATO terminology database. Accessed 2022. https://nso.nato.int/natoterm
How to Cite
The published articles are subject to copyright law. All rights are reserved to the “Carol I” National Defense University, regardless of whether all or part of the material are considered, especially the rights to translation, reprinting, re-use of illustrations, quotations, broadcasting through the media, reproduction on microfilms or any other way and storage in data banks. Any replicas without the associated fees are authorized provided the source is acknowledged.