Transborder Crimes and the Challenges of Regional Integration in West Africa: Insights from the Nigeria-Benin Republic Borders


  • Luqman SAKA College of Arts and Sciences, University of the Gambia; Department of Political Science, University of Ilorin, Nigeria
  • Adebola Rafiu BAKARE Department of Political Science, University of Ilorin
  • Humphrey Chinedu NWAORGU Department of Political Science, Federal University Wukari
  • Sherifdeen Adeoye OLADEJO Federal College of Education (Special), Oyo



Transborder crimes;, criminal syndicates;., borderland;, security;, Nigeria;, Benin Republic


Transborder crimes and the operation of criminal syndicates have emerged as major threats to security and efforts to advance integration in West Africa. The proliferation of transborder criminal syndicates and rising criminal activities has made member states take steps to curtail these growing challenges, sometimes
with unintended consequences on the free flow of factors of production as enshrined in the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) Protocol on Free Movement. Informed by the need to understand the challenges that transborder crimes pose within a specific context, this study examines
transborder criminal activities across the Nigeria-Benin Republic border. The study assesses three forms of criminal activities along the two countries’ borderlands and their implications for the security of the two countries concerned. The qualitative method was adopted, and data for the study was derived from
mostly secondary and less primary sources. These criminal activities affect the national security of the two countries and impact efforts to advance integration in the sub-region. The study recommends the implementation of joint border security reforms.


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