• Dragoș ILINCA Institute for Defence Political Studies and Military History, Romanian Ministry of National Defence




: CSDP., ; EUGS;, EDF;, PADR;, EU;, EDA;, EDIDP;, disruptive technologies;, defence capabilities;, NATO


This article brings to attention one of the main developments recorded in the context of European defence cooperation, namely the establishment of the European Defence Fund (EDF). Conceived as an initiative aimed at contributing to the
financial support of cooperation projects in the fields of capability development and defence research, the EDF represents an innovation that began to operate starting with 2021, offering additional perspectives for strengthening the Common Security
and Defence Policy. Although it is a new initiative, the European Defence Fund was preceded by preparatory measures in which the necessary procedural framework and mechanisms were defined. From this perspective, the analysis developed
in this article deepens the thesis regarding the positive impact of EDF for the sustainability of European cooperation in the field of defence. The strategic value of the new tool for integrating capability development and research aspects is another
direction explored in the article. Last but not least, the economic role of EDF benefits of special attention in this study, from the perspective of the way in which various entities from the EU territory perceived EDF, being reflected mainly in the
increase of their participation in the drafting projects and participating in competition.

Author Biography

Dragoș ILINCA , Institute for Defence Political Studies and Military History, Romanian Ministry of National Defence

Born on 04.10.1971, Curtea de Argeş, Dragos Ilinca graduated the Bucharest University, Faculty of History, series of graduates 1997, and received the title of doctor in Military Sciences and Information, attained in 2010 (year) by National Defence University “Carol I”  

The academic training has been completed by graduating courses, internships etc. as follows

    • Course „NATO European Security Cooperation",  NATO School, Oberammergau, Germany, 1999
  • Course „National Security and Defence”, National Defence College, Bucharest, 2006
  • Course „Greater Middle East and International System Stability”, National Defence College, Bucharest, 2006
  • Course „EU Negotiations in Practice”,  College of Europe, Bruges, Belgium, 2005
  • Course  „European Security and Defence Policy” – High Level Course,  European Security and Defence College, Bruxelles, Belgium, 2005
  • Course „Managing Defence in a Democracy”, Defence Academy, Shrivenham, United Kingdom, 2005-2006
  • Course “National Security”, Galilee College, Afula, Israel, 2004
  • Course „Multinational Forces Orientation Course”,  NATO School, Oberammergau, Germany, 2002

By profession civil servant, he has carried out his activity as Head of Section to Institute for Defence Political Studies of Defence and Military History, Ministry of National Defence.

He  has a vast scientific activity (researches, university courses), being the author of 4 (books) with the title:

 An Agitated History of Jewish People, Niculescu, Bucharest, 1999

EU Contribution in Crisis Management Field, Tritonic, Bucharest, 2019

EU-NATO Partnership. Conceptual Approaches and Operational Implementation, Tritonic, Bucharest, 2020

Battles of Romanians History. Encyclopedy. românilor, Ed. Meronia, Bucharest 2011 (co-author) 

and several articles and scientific papers, published at the Military Publishing House, Tehnico-Editorial Centre,  Romania.



EU Council. 2016. “European Union Battlegroup Concept.” 11624/14, Brussels. https://data.consilium.


EUR-Lex. 2018. “Regulation (EU) 2018/1092 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 18 July

establishing the European Defence Industrial Development Programme aiming at supporting

the competitiveness and innovation capacity of the Union’s defence industry.” https://eur-lex.europa.


—. 2021. “Regulation (EU) 2021/697 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 29 April 2021

establishing the European Defence Fund and repealing Regulation (EU) 2018/1092.” https://eurlex.europa.eu/legal-content/RO/TXT/?uri=CELEX:32021R0697.

European Commission. 2001. Presidency Conclusions, European Council Meeting in Laeken, 14-15

December 2001. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/DOC_01_18.

—. 2016. “Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the European Council,

the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions.

European Defence Action Plan.” COM(2016) 950 final, Brussels.

—. 2020. “Multiannual Financial Framework 2021-2027.”

—. 2022a. “Commission Implementing Decision on the financing of the European Defence Fund

established by Regulation (EU) No 2021/697 of the European Parliament and the Council and the

adoption of the work programme for 2022.” C(2022) 3403 final, Brussels.

—. 2022b. Results of the 2021 EDF Calls for Proposals. European Defence Fund.

European Council. 2016a. “European Council meeting (15 December 2016) - Conclusions.” EUCO

/16, Brussels. https://www.consilium.europa.eu/media/21929/15-euco-conclusions-final.pdf.

European Council. 2016b. “Implementation Plan on Security and Defence.” 14392/16, 14 November.


—. 2017. “Notification on Permanent Structured Cooperation (PESCO) to the Council and to the high

representative of the Union for foreign affairs and security policy.” November 13. https://www.


—. 2004. “Presidency Conclusions – Brussels, 17 and 18 June 2004.” https://www.europarl.europa.eu/


European Defence Agency. 2008. “Background Note – Capability Development Plan.”

—. 2007. “EU Ministers Adopt Framework for Joint European Strategy in Defence R&T.” November 17.

European Parliament. 2006. “The European Security and Defence Policy: from the Helsinki Headline

Goal to the EU Battlegroups.” https://www.europarl.europa.eu/meetdocs/2009_2014/documents/


—. 2017. “EU Framework Programmes for Research and Innovation.”

European Union. 2016. “Strategia Globală de Securitate a Uniunii Europene.”

Juncker, Jean-Claude. 2016. “State of the Union Address 2016: Towards a better Europe - a Europe that

protects, empowers and defends.” European Commission - Speech, Strasbourg, 14 September