• Nicolae Daniel FÎȚĂ University of Petrosani
  • Sorin Mihai RADU University of Petrosani
  • Dragoș PĂSCULESCU University of Petrosani



resilience;, critical energy infrastructure;, national security;, black-out.


Energy security and implicitly the regional energy architecture composed of critical energy infrastructures (power substations and overhead lines at 400 kV), can undergo various mutations and transformations caused by a possible syncope in the extraction, transport and exploitation of energy resources and energy, due to energy dynamism. The vulnerability of these critical energy infrastructures generates a number of risks and threats to them, thus endangering societal life, creating malfunctions and generating extreme damage to the state. Critical energy infrastructures thus become indispensable to society, without which the state and its mechanisms cannot function and ensure societal well-being, and their protection becomes a major national and European objective, prompting representatives of the member states of the European Union to take action to identify and manage any risk or threat. In the face of the vulnerabilities, threats and risks Romania faces in the new dynamic, turbulent and unpredictable geopolitical context of global, regional and Euro-Atlantic security, amid the military and health crisis and amplified by the global energy crisis manifested by the unfounded and unexpected increase in energy price, the Romanian state should have a strategy for strengthening the resilience of critical energy infrastructures, based on predictability, flexibility, continuity, adaptability and resilience.

Author Biography

Nicolae Daniel FÎȚĂ, University of Petrosani

Born on June 10, 1971, Petrosani district, NICOLAE DANIEL FITA, graduate of the University of Petrosani, Faculty of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering, Electromechanical specialization, 2004 promotion.
Has the title of doctor in Electrical Engineering, attained in 2011, by Technical University of Cluj Napoca, and of doctor in Industrial Engineering, attained in 2020, by University of Petrosani.
The academic training has been completed by graduating Occupational Health and Safety Master's studies and postgraduate courses as follows: Critical Protection Infrastructure Management, Electromechanical and Electricity Extrajudiciary and Consultant Expert, Occupational Health and Safety Assessor, Installations and Networks Electrical Site Manager, Project Manager, Trainer, High and Low Voltage European Authorized Electrician.
He obtained in 2011 the title of EURING (european engineer), conferred by FEANI (European Federation of National Engineering Association) through AGIR (General Association of Romanian Engineers), a title that guarantees the professional skills of engineer in UE, UNESCO and UNIDO.
By profession engineer, his activity as Lecturer Ph.D. Eng. to Automation, Computers, Electrical and Power Engineering Department and is currently the Director of Strategic Studies of Energy Security Research Center at the University of Petrosani.
He has a vast scientific activity, being the author of 17 books published by national and international publishing house and over 40 articles and scientific communication, in publications in the country and abroad indexed in BDI, ISI or SCOPUS


Bănică, Alexandru, and Ionel Muntele. 2015. Reziliență și teritoriu – operaționalizare conceptuală și perspective metodologice. Iași: Terra Nostra.

European Commision. 2017. „Comunicare comună către Parlamentul European și Consiliu.” O abordare strategică privind reziliența în cadrul acțiunii externe a UE.

Fîță, Daniel Nicolae, Mihai Sorin Radu, and Dragoș Păsculescu. 2021. Asigurarea, controlul și stabilitatea securității energetice în contextul creșterii securității industriale și naționale. Petroșani: Universitas.

Bulletin of ”Carol I” National Defence University June, 2022 65

Fîță, Nicolae Daniel. 2020. Cercetări privind identificarea vulnerabilităților infrastructurilor critice din cadrul Sistemului Electroenergetic Național de ultra și foarte înaltă tensiune cu conexiune internațională. Teză de doctorat. Petroșani: Universitatea din Petroșani.

—. 2019. Identificarea vulnerabilităților infrastructurilor critice din cadrul Sistemului electroenergetic național în contextul creșterii securității energetice. Petroșani: Universitas.

Fîță, Nicolae Daniel, Dragoș Păsculescu, Cristina Pupăză, and Emilia Grigorie. 2022. „Metodologia de identificare, desemnare, analiză, evaluare, protecție și reziliență a infrastructurilor critice electroenergetice.” In Managementul rezilienței în societatea contemporană, by Olga Maria Cristina Bucovețchi (coordonatori) Diana Elena Ranf, 180-201. Sibiu: Academiei Forțelor Terestre „Nicolae Bălcescu”.

Fîță, Nicolae Daniel, Sorin Mihai Radu, Dragoș Păsculescu, and Emilia Grigorie. 2021. „Abordarea infrastructurilor critice energetice naționale corelată rezilienței societale și sustenabilității.” In Managementul sustenabilității și sustenabilitatea managerială între paradigme clasice și moderne, by Olga Maria Cristina Bucovețchi, Dorel Badea (coordonatori) Diana Elena Ranf, 37-58. Sibiu:

Academiei Forțelor Terestre „Nicolae Bălcescu”.

MCEER. 2008. Earthquake Engineering to Extreme Event – University at Buffalo.