• Alba Iulia Catrinel POPESCU Membru afiliat al Comitetului Român pentru Istoria și Filosofia Științei și Tehnicii (CRIFST) din cadrul Academiei Române


the fifth-generation warfare; Nagorno-Karabakh; digital networks; cloud combat; unmanned aerial systems.


The second Nagorno-Karabakh War, in the autumn of 2020, is considered a turning point in the conduct of warfare. Until then, the fifth-generation warfare was only a theoretical subject. Also, the traditional air-power doctrine, claiming that air superiority is a precondition for winning a ground war, had become a topic for military historians. But, the latest exacerbation of the Armenian-Azerbaijani conflict in Transcaucasia has radically changed the situation. The fifth-generation warfare, dominated by non-kinetic actions to the detriment of the kinetic ones and by high technologies to the detriment of the classical, conventional ones, is as real as possible and the theory of air power returns in force. This article aims to answer the following questions: what are the characteristics of the fifth-generation warfare and how did they manifest in the Second Nagorno-Karabakh War? And what was the impact of the military confrontation in Transcaucasia on the way the modern warfare was conducted?

Author Biography

Alba Iulia Catrinel POPESCU, Membru afiliat al Comitetului Român pentru Istoria și Filosofia Științei și Tehnicii (CRIFST) din cadrul Academiei Române

Alba Iulia Catrinel Popescu is Associate Professor at the National College of Defense Bucharest and "Carol I" National Defense University, Visiting Professor at University of Business and Enterprise in Ostrowiec Swietokrzyski - Poland and University of Bucharest, Romania. She is also member of the Romanian Committee of History and Philosophy of Science and Technology of the Romanian Academy, member of the "Ion Conea" Romanian Association for Geopolitics and member of the international advisory board of the Research Institute for European and American Studies, Greece. She already published five books - “What hides behind Boko Haram” (a monographic study about one of the bloodiest terrorist organization), “The Shadow Player” (an extensive and integrate analysis about Sub-Saharan Africa’s pivot zone character), “Geopolitical Kaleidoscope” (a collection of analyses in geopolitics and geostrategy), "Uncomfortable Analysis" (a collection of studies in geopolitics), "Geopolitics and pandemics" (a study regarding the geopolitical impact of the current pandemics), the first two volumes of the "Treaty of Geopolitics" (The Geopolitics of the Maritime Power and The Geopolitics of the Continental Power), other studies in security and demography as well as numerous articles regarding strategic analysis and geopolitics.


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