THE MILITARY JUSTICE CODE IN ROMANIA AND THE MODIFICATIONS IT SUFFERED PRIOR TO WORLD WAR ONE

  • Liviu CORCIU National Military Archives

Abstract

The beginning of military justice in the Romanian Principalities regard the Organic Regulations’ era, where provisions concerning military discipline of the newly formed land-militia of both historical provinces were recorded. Subsequently, military justice continued to develop during the reign of Barbu Dimitrie Stirbei and prince Alexandru Ioan Cuza’s time, whose reign also concerns, among other military reforms, the unification of military criminal legislation, by adopting a single regulation in both historical provinces. The Military Justice Code was adopted in 1873, being subsequently modified and completed in the years of 1881, 1894, 1905, 1906, 1916 and 1917, in order to keep up with social, economic and legislative changes, but especially with the ever-changing battlefield reality, in the era of turmoil that hit Europe at the end of 19th and beginning of 20th century.

 

Author Biography

Liviu CORCIU , National Military Archives

Born on 29th of October 1969, in Mizil, Prahova County, Liviu CORCIU graduated the Officer`s Military School” Nicolae Bălcescu” in 1991, and  ”Lucian Blaga” University, Faculty of Law in 2000, being now doctoral candidate of the National Defense University ”Carol I”.  

The academic training has been completed by graduating master's studies, courses, internships in security and national defence  in the National Defence University ”Carol I”. 

By profession legal advisor, he carried out his activity for 15 years at Joint Operational HQ and further on at 2nd Infantry Division HQ. From 2018 has been appointed as director of the National Military Archives.

He was the chief editor of ”Străjer în calea furtunilor ” the journal of ”Mareșal Alexandru Averescu” foundation, being the author of several articles and scientific papers, nationally published.

 

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Published
2021-04-05
Section
Articole