• Liviu CORCIU National Military Archives
  • Ion GIURCĂ " Carol I" National Defence University


Having the War for Romanian Reunification experience still fresh in the social memory, Constantin Kirițescu, invoking the respect for truth principle stated that: ”not all our army’s human material reached the peaks recognized by the foreigners and praised by us”. Some of those deployed, lacking moral resilience and being insufficiently intructed, had been however thrown into battle also demoralising their comrades, a possible explanation according to the great historian for cases of fleeing, mass surrender or self-inflicted wounds which, in some regions, brought upon themselves the most severe repression measures. We thereby aim to find answers to these aspects regarding our war during 1916-1920, such as: why did they appear, why was the repression of this phenomenon necessary and what other things were involved?

Author Biography

Liviu CORCIU , National Military Archives

Born on 29th of October 1969, in Mizil, Prahova County, Liviu CORCIU graduated the Officer`s Military School ”Nicolae Bălcescu” in 1991, and ”Lucian Blaga” University, Faculty of Law in 2000, being now doctoral candidate of the National Defense University ”Carol I”.  

The academic training has been completed by graduating master's studies, courses, internships in security and national defense  in the National Defense University ”Carol I”. 

By profession legal advisor, he carried out his activity for 15 years at Joint Operational HQ and further on at 2nd Infantry Division HQ. From 2018 has been appointed as director of the National Military Archives.

He was the chief editor of ”Străjer în calea furtunilor ” the magazine of ”Mareșal Alexandru Averescu” foundation, being the author of several articles and scientific papers, nationally published.



*** Romanian National Military Archives.
*** The Wordsworth English Dictionary, Wordsworth Editions Limited, London, 2007.
*** Monitorul Oficial, part I, no. 224, from 28 december 1916.
*** Monitorul Oficial, part I, no. 8, from 15 april 1920.
*** Codul de justiție militară, Monitorul Oficial no. 40, from 24 may 1881.
[War Office], Manual of military law. Rules for Field Punishment, London, 1914.
[The General Staff], Historical Service, România în Războiul Mondial, 1916-1919, Imprimeria Națională, Bucharest, 1924.
Averescu Alexandru, Notițe zilnice din război, vol. II, Military Publishing House, Bucharest, 1992.
Fontaine Marcel, Jurnal de război. Misiune în România: noiembrie 1916 - aprilie 1918, Humanitas Publishing House, Bucharest, 2016.
Iacobelli Teresa, Death or deliverance. Canadian courts martial in the Great War, UBC Press, Vancouver, 2013.
Kiriţescu Constantin, Istoria războiului pentru întregirea României, vol. I, II, Scientific and Encyclopedic Publishing House, Bucharest, 1989.
Sir MacPhail Andrew, Official History of the Canadian Forces in the Great War, 1914-1919: The Medical Services, Ottawa, 1925.
Putkowski Julian, Sykes Julian, Shot at dawn, Executions in World War One by authority of the British Army Act, Pen & Sword Books Ltd., South Yorkshire, 2006.
Saint-Fuscien Emmanuel, À vos ordres? La relation d’autorité dans l’armée française de la Grande Guerre, Édition de l’EHESS, Paris, 2011.
Suard Vincent, ”La justice militaire française et la peine de mort au début de la Première guerre mondiale”, Revue d’histoire moderne et contemporaine, tome 41 N°1, Janvier-mars 1994.
Zidaru Petrache, Tribunalele militare, un secol şi jumătate de jurisprudenţă (1852 - 2000), Univers Juridic Publishing House, Bucharest, 2006.