About the Journal

Focus and Scope                                                                                 

The aim of Bulletin is to disseminate the results of the theoretical and practical research investigations undertaken by reputable professionals in the holistic field of military sciences, intelligence and defense resources management.

The continuous changes at the level of higher military education in Romania, and especially those produced in the dissemination of information, have affected the means of communication and use at the level of human knowledge. The political, economic and social changes that have taken place over the years have also had a strong influence on how the military specialists, involved in the education process were to be informed. Thus, "Carol I" National Defense University Bulletin represents a forum for debate and analysis for academic and professional backgrounds and it is open to teachers, researchers, doctoral students and postdoctoral students, students, military and civilian personnel, to institutions belonging to the sphere of defense, public order and national security.

The area covered by the research reports published in Bulletin are as follows:
Military science (e.g. tactics, leadership, etc.)
Information management (e.g. information security, e-learning, information technology, communications, etc.)
Socio-humanities (e.g. organizational behavior, intercultural studies, linguistic and cultural studies, etc.)
Economics and financial management (e.g. globalization and economic crises, marketing, etc.)
Management theory and practice (e.g. organization theory and practice, human resource management, decision-making theory, logistics, etc.)

The Bulletin of “Carol” National Defense University is a scientific publication highly acknowledge in the field of “Military Sciences, Information and Public Order” of National Council of Attestation of University Titles, Diplomas and Certificates(CNATCU).

The Bulletin of “Carol” National Defense University is indexed in the Central and Eastern European Online Library

The Bulletin of “Carol” National Defense University is indexed in EBSCO database.

The Bulletin of the "Carol I" National Defense University is indexed in the Indexcopernicus  international database.

The Bulletin of the "Carol I" National Defense University is indexed in the Proquest international database.

 

Peer Review Process                                              

Editorial board members of “Carol I” National Defense University (established by National Defense University Scientific Board) follow two stages in the process of reviewing articles to be published:
Stage no. 1:

Editorial board members check the article for compliance with the requirements specified in Guidelines for authors

Stage no. 2:

Editorial board members transfer the article to the scientific reviewer who assesses the scientific value of the paper. The author’s identity remains unknown for the scientific advisors. The authors of the articles do not know the identity of the specialists and vice versa, so the peer-review process is performed completely in the blind. The reviewers complete the evaluation sheet for each summited article.

Based on the scientific reviewers’ recommendations, the editorial board members may take the following decisions:

The article will be published;
The article will be published after minor revisions;
The article will be published after major revisions;
The article will not be published.
In every case the author(s) will be informed about the decision.

The articles of the journal are under the similarity verification standard using: www.sistemeantiplagiat.ro

Publication Frequency

The Bulletin of "Carol I" of National Defense University is published quarterly.

Open Access Policy

All article within Bulletin of “Carol I” National Defence University are available to all users immediately upon publications. Non-Commercial use and distribution in any medium is permitted, provided the author and the journal are properly credited. Open access aims to maximize the visibility of research and differs from free access as it provides reuse rights provided full attribution is given (  CC BY-NC-SA license). 

Copyright Transfer

The transfer of copyright from author to publisher enable "Carol I" National Defence University Publishing House  to assure maximum dissemination of the author’s work and it is therefore the default option for each manuscript submission.
When the article is accepted for publication, the author(s) agrees to transfer to Carol I" National Defence University Publishing House all rights, including those pertaining to electronic forms and transmissions, under existing copyright laws, except for the following, which the author(s) specifically retain(s):
   The right to make further copies of all or part of the published article for use in classroom teaching;
   The right to reuse all or part of this material in a compilation or textbook of which he(she) is the author;
   The right to make copies of the published work for internal distribution within the institution that employs the autho

Charge

 

There is no article-processing charge (APC) for publishing in the journal.

 

The authors take full responsibility for the contents and scientific correctness of the paper.

 

Scientific Board

Prof. Gheorghe CALOPĂREANU, PhD                      "Carol I" National Defence University, Romania 

Assoc.Prof. Iulian CHIFU, PhD                                   "Carol I" National Defence University, Romania       

Prof. Daniel DUMITRU, PhD                                       "Carol I" National Defence University, Romania 

Prof. Gheorghe MINCULETE, PhD                            "Carol I" National Defence University, Romania 

Prof. Teodor FRUNZETI, PhD                                      „Titu Maiorescu” University, Romania

Prof. Gelu ALEXANDRESCU, PhD                                "Carol I" National Defence University, Romania 

Prof. Sorin TOPOR, PhD                                                "Carol I" National Defence University, Romania 

Prof. Marian NĂSTASE, PhD                                        The Bucharest University of Economic Studies, Romania

CS II . Alexandra SARCINSCHI, PhD                          "Carol I" National Defence University, Romania

CS II  Cristina BOGZEANU, PhD                                "Carol I" National Defence University, Romania

Dr. Pavel OTRISAL                                                        University of Defense, Brno, Czech Republic

Assoc.Prof Elena ŞUŞNEA,PhD                                  "Carol I" National Defence University, Romania

 Elitsa PETROVA, PhD                                                    Vasil Levski” National Military University
                                                                                          Veliko Tarnovo, Bulgaria                                                                                 

Jaromir MAREȘ, PhD                                                    University of Defense, Brno, Czech Republic

Lect. Cris MATEI,PhD                                                    Center for Civil-Military Relationships, USA 

Assoc.Prof Tengiz PKHALADZE                                   Georgian Institut of Public Affairs, Georgia 

CS Richard Warnes, PhD                                              RAND Europe, UK

 Piotr GAWLICZEK , PhD                                              ”Cuiavian” University in Wloclawek, Poland

Assoc.Prof. Piotr GROCHMALSKI , PhD                    ”Nicolaus Copernicus” University in Torun, Poland                

 Marcel HARAKAL, PhD                                                “General Milan Rastislav Štefánik” Armed Forces
                                                                                          Academy, Liptovský Mikuláš, Slovak Republic                                                                        

CS  Lucian DUMITRESCU, PhD                                    Romanian Academy, Romania

Prof. Anton MIHAIL, PhD                                            "Carol I" National Defence University, Romania

Prof. Constantin IORDACHE, PhD                             "Spiru Haret”University, Romania

Prof. Gheorghe ORZAN,PhD                                      The Bucharest University of Economic Studies, Romania

Prof. Gheorghe HURDUZEU,PhD                              The Bucharest University of Economic Studies, Romania

   CS II  Mihai-Ștefan DINU, PhD                              "Carol I" National Defence University, Romania

Assoc.Prof Magdalena POPESCU, PhD                  "Carol I" National Defence University, Romania

 

Journal History

                                                                                                                                            

The first issue of "Carol I" National Defense University's Bulletin was published in 1937, April-May, upon the approval at the initiative of Great General Staff no.  2872/23 January 1937, holding particular significance, as it was also mentioned in the Rules and Regulations of Superior War School of that year.

A landmark among the Pleiades of the periodical military publications of the interwar period ("The National Military Museum Bulletin" [1937-1942], edited by the National Military Museum in Bucharest, "The Soldier Guide" [1937-1939], edited in Bucharest by the Great General Staff, "The Bulletin of Military Training and Physical Education" [1926-1944], Bucharest etc.) "Carol I" National Defense University's Bulletin remains the longest publication in existence, having 80 years of tradition and value. The high significance of this publication is given not only by its endurance in time, but also by its constant quality of space of expression for the highest ideas stemming from the most important military higher education institutions in Romania.

The appearance of the "Superior War School Bulletin" (the first title of the publication) was closely related to the re-establishment of the respective institution on new bases. This was on the premises which host its publishing board nowadays too, a building founded in 1937 by King Carol II and inaugurated in 1939 on the occasion of the 50-year anniversary of the "Superior School of War" (in Romanian, Şcoala Superioară de Războiu”, previously known as "Şcoala Superioară de Resbel", founded by the Royal High Decree, No. 2073, issued by King Carol I on the 8th August 1889).

The publication of the Bulletin was considered to be one of the most important objectives of the Superior War School in its role of disseminating military knowledge in the army. In this respect, the director of that time, General Paul Adrian Teodorescu, said: "By this act we are setting off in the tough mission which we are willing to take on for the sake of serving the institution".

The debut of the Second World War, the abdication of King Carol II on 6 September 1940, and the establishment of Antonescu regime until August 1944 led to the temporary suspension of the Bulletin. The irregular appearance of the early years, which was definitively ceased in the years of the war, was resumed in 1945. The themes were diverse, each issue dealing with a particular subject. The interruption was explained in an extensive "Foreword" of five editorial pages, which showed "the need to initiate the army in the new military doctrine”, taking into consideration the new political context of Romania. The topics approached highlighted the problems in communicating information in terrestrial, tactical and combat reconnaissance that offered the benefit of taking initiative and in defense situations gave the opportunity to dominate the opponent.

In 1956, it was established that the issuance of "Military General Bulletin" was going to be quarterly, which has been a constant fact until nowadays. The name was changed over time, following the official name of the institution, so in 1991 the name was changed to "Bulletin of the Academy of High Military Studies", then in 2003, in the "National Defense University Bulletin" and since 2005 it has the current name: "Carol I" National Defense University Bulletin.

The continuous changes at the level of higher military education in Romania, and especially those produced in the dissemination of information, have affected the means of communication and use at the level of human knowledge. The political, economic and social changes that have taken place over the years have also had a strong influence on how the military specialists, involved in the education process were to be informed.

At present, "Carol I" National Defense University Bulletin represents a forum for debate and analysis for academic and professional backgrounds. The journal is also open to teachers, researchers, doctoral students and postdoctoral students, students, military and civilian personnel, to institutions belonging to the sphere of defense, public order and national security.

The importance and role of the publication in the development of learning and research have been continuously analyzed and solutions have been applied that currently include, in addition to being published in the online environment under the title: "Bulletin of Carol I National Defense University" 

Starting with 2011, “Carol I” National Defense University Bulletin has been acknowledged as a prestigious publication in the field of "Military Sciences, Information and Public Order" of the National Council for Attestation of University Titles, Diplomas and Certificates, indexed in international databases.

The features required for high-standard performance, designed to rapidly cope with organizational changes, are also found in the on-line version of the magazine, where the elements of flexibility, creativity, teamwork, collaboration, capacity of synthesis, intellectual curiosity, justify through their quality, the significant cultural experience of the 80 years gone by. All these, interconnected, contributed to the promotion of the image of the institution in the academic environment, strengthening, as if necessary, the motto established by King Carol I:

                                    LABOR IMPROBUS OMNIA VINCIT! (Persistent work conquers everything).