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Andi Mihail BĂNCILĂ


The religious factor is the element with the longest continuity in the whole spectrum of the social space. The combination of various practices in everyday life with mystical habits and later with institutionalized forms of faith has contributed to establishing a strong bond between man and divinity by means of the religious institution. This has enabled the emergence of powerful social systems (states, empires) led through a religious system-dependent normative system. The end of the eighteenth century produced the first re-establishment at society level of new norms of coexistence that were based on new principles distinct from those on which the states had functioned up to that point. The nineteenth and twentieth centuries represented a period of contrasts characterized by a strenuous struggle of the state’s detachment from the church.

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